Helena Charles

Helena is Alison’s friend, a very proper middle-class woman. She is an actress who comes to stay with the Porters while she performs in a play at the local theatre. Jimmy has long despised her, as he considers her a member of the Establishment. When she contacts Alison’s father and asks him to take Alison home, Helena seems genuinely concerned about Alison. However, she seduces Jimmy and replaces Alison in the household. When Alison returns, Helena realizes that her affair with Jimmy is wrong and decides to leave.

-despise - prezir
-genuinely - iskerno

Cliff Lewis

Cliff is Jimmy’s friend and partner in the candy stall business and shares the Porters’ flat, although he has his own bedroom across the hall. Cliff is a poorly educated, working class man of Welsh heritage. He is warm, loving, and humorous. He genuinely loves Alison but adjusts when she leaves and Helena moves in. Cliff’s first allegiance is to Jimmy. Nevertheless, ultimately he decides to go out on his own.

-heritage - dediščina (v tem kontekstu pomeni da je potomec ljudi z Welsha)
-allegiance - zvestoba

Alison Porter

Alison has been married to Jimmy for three years. She comes from the solid upper-middle-class Establishment. Her father was a colonel in the colonial Service and the family lived very comfortably in India until 1947. Her brother Nigel attended Sandhurst, the British equivalent of West Point, and is a Member of Parliament. She married Jimmy partly as a rebellion against the proper, predictable, stultifying precepts of her class. However, she has been molded by her upbringing and it is her “fence sitting,” her lack of total emotional commitment, that provokes Jimmy’s attacks. Alison is warm and open with Cliff without ever harboring a sexual attraction to him. When Helena takes charge and arranges for Alison to leave Jimmy, Alison does not protest and does indeed return to her parents, their values, and the security they offer. Alison is drawn back to Jimmy at the end after she has suffered the pain and loss brought by the miscarriage of her child.

-rebellion - upor
-stultifying - ne koristen/ne uporaben

Jimmy Porter

Jimmy Porter is a character of immense psychological complexity and interest. He dominates the play through the power of his anger and language. He unleashes his invective on what he calls the Establishment (those “born” to power and privilege), the church as part of the Establishment, and his loved ones. Osborne describes him as “a disconcerting mixture of sincerity and cheerful malice, of tenderness and freebooting cruelty; restless, importunate, full of pride, a combination which alienates the sensitive and insensitive alike.” Critic Harold Ferrar assessed him as a man of decency and charity who is “one of life’s beautiful losers,” while critic Michael Coveney called him “a lovable monster with the gift of the gab and a talent for resentment.” Although Jimmy has graduated from a university — albeit one with no prestige — he works with Cliff as owner/proprietor of a candy stall in an outdoor market. In spite of his tendency to sometimes cruelly insult Cliff, Jimmy genuinely likes him. His assaults on Alison are nasty and sometimes savage. He seems to be trying to force her to have a genuine response, something coming from her that is not colored by her class and up-bringing. He says she is not real because she has not suffered real pain and degradation. When she leaves he is hurt but quickly adjusts. Jimmy has hated Helena for the same reasons he hated Alison, namely her social class and “proper” upbringing. While Jimmy apparently hates Alison’s mother, he seems to like Colonel Redfern because he can feel sorry for him.

Colonel Redfern - polkovnik Redfern, oče od Alison, upokojen vojaški častnik, služil v Indiji, ceni vrednote kot so dolžnost, čast, zvestoba, ne odobrava Jimmija vendar se znjim kljub vsemu občasno strinja, brez obotavljanja pomaga Alison in je ne skuša nadzorovati.

Colonel Redfern, Alison’s father, is a retired army officer who served in India from 1913 to 1947. During that time he seldom spent any time in England. He represents the values and beliefs of another period, a time of British Empire. His values are those of duty, honor, and loyalty to one’s country and one’s class. His world ended with the independence of India. He is a reasonable man somewhat bemused by the post-World War II England. He does not approve of Jimmy, but he does find things to admire in him and even agrees with Jimmy in some instances. He does not hesitate to help Alison and does not attempt to control her.

Besede: za dodatne prevode (angleško - angleške definicije) priporočam
-colonel - polkovnik
-seldom - redko (ne pogosto)
-bemused - zamišljen (globoko v mislih)
-instance - primer

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